Occupational Asthma Reference

Fabbri LM, Maestrelli P, Saetta M, Mapp CE, Airway inflammation during late asthmatic reactions induced by toluene diisocyanate, Am Rev Respir Dis, 1991;143:S37-8,

Keywords: TDI, eosinophil, steroid, beclomethasone, asthma, ch, late reaction

Known Authors

Leo Fabbri, University of Moderna and Reggio Emilia Leo Fabbri

Piero Maestrelli, Padova University, Italy Piero Maestrelli

Christina Mapp, Padova University Christina Mapp

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Abstract

To determine the importance of airway inflammation for the development of late asthmatic reactions, we examined sensitized subjects during late asthmatic reactions induced by exposure to toluene diisocyanate (TDI) in the laboratory. Late asthmatic reactions are associated with a transient increase of bronchial responsiveness and, at the same time, with an increase of neutrophils followed by eosinophils, and of LTB4 and albumin in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid. Late asthmatic reactions, increased bronchial responsiveness, and increase of neutrophils, eosinophils, LTB4, and albumin concentration in bronchoalveolar lavage induced by exposure to TDI are all prevented by pretreatment with prednisone but not with the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agent indomethacin. Aerosolized steroids (beclomethasone and dexamethasone isonicotinate) completely inhibit late asthmatic reactions induced by TDI, whereas theophylline has a partial, and verapamil, ketotifen, and cromolyn have no protective effect. These results suggest that late asthmatic reactions induced by TDI may be caused by airway inflammation, and that anti-inflammatory steroids should be recommended in the prophylaxis of TDI asthma

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