Occupational Asthma Reference

Mapp CE, Graf PD, Boniotti A, Nadel JA, Toluene diisocyanate contracts guinea pig bronchial smooth muscle by activating capsaicin-sensitive sensory nerves, Journal of Pharmacology & Experimental Therape, 1991;256:1082-1085,
(Plain text: Mapp CE, Graf PD, Boniotti A, Nadel JA, Toluene diisocyanate contracts guinea pig bronchial smooth muscle by activating capsaicin-sensitive sensory nerves, Journal of Pharmacology & Experimental Therapeutic)

Keywords: mechanism, TDI, ex

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Christina Mapp, Padova University Christina Mapp

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Abstract

This study was designed to evaluate the mechanism of action of toluene diisocyanate (TDI) and the role of endogenous neutral endopeptidase in modulating in vitro contractile responses to TDI in guinea pigs. TDI (0.01-1 mM) produced a concentration-dependent contraction of the guinea pig main bronchi. Sensory nerve desensitization with capsaicin greatly reduced and in some cases almost abolished TDI-induced contractions. The neutral endopeptidase inhibitor phosphoramidon significantly increased the contractile response to TDI. Pretreatment with the substance P antagonist (D-Arg1,D-Pro2,D-Trp7,9,Leu11)-substance P greatly reduced TDI-induced contractions. These results suggest that TDI activates the "efferent" function of capsaicin-sensitive sensory nerves and that neutral endopeptidase may play a role in modulating the response in guinea pigs

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