Occupational Asthma Reference

Graneek BJ, Durham SR, Newman Taylor AJ., Late asthmatic reactions and changes in histamine responsiveness provoked by occupational agents., Bull Eur Physiopath Respir, 1987;23:577-581,


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Tony Newman Taylor, Royal Brompton Hospital, London Tony Newman Taylor

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The temporal and quantitative relationship between increases in airway responsiveness and late asthmatic reactions provoked by inhalation challenge with occupational agents was studied in nine individuals who underwent a total of thirteen active inhalation challenge tests with one of the following agents: toluene diisocyanate (TDI), maleic anhydride (MA), trimellitic anhydride (TMA), carmine, or colophony (pine wood resin). Airway responsiveness to inhaled histamine (histamine PC20) was measured before and at approximately 3 and 24 h after control and active challenge exposure, when, on all but four occasions, FEV1 was within 10% of pre-challenge values. Significant increases (p less than 0.02) in histamine responsiveness were present at 3 h following challenge exposures which subsequently provoked a definite late asthmatic reaction (FEV1 decrease greater than 15% 3-11 h post challenge). These increases in histamine responsiveness were significantly greater than those at 3 h following the challenges which provoked an isolated early (FEV1 decrease less than 6% 3-11 h post-challenge) or equivocal late asthmatic reaction (FEV1 decrease 6-15% 3-11 h post-challenge) (p less than 0.03). Although histamine responsiveness remained high at 24 h after challenges provoking late asthmatic reactions (p less than 0.05), this was less than the increase at 3 h and not significantly different from the PC20 at 24 h after challenges provoking either single early or equivocal late asthmatic reactions

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