Occupational Asthma Reference

Prescott E, Lange P, Vestbo J, Effect of gender on hospital admissions for asthma and prevalence of self-reported asthma: a prospective study based on a sample of the general population. Copenhagen City Heart Study Group, Thorax, 1997;52:287-289,

Keywords: admission, asthma, general population, Copenhagen, perception

Known Authors

Jorgen Vestbo, Wythenshawe Hospital, Manchester Jorgen Vestbo

Peter Lange, Copenhagen, Denmark Peter Lange

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Women are more often admitted to hospital for asthma than men. A study was undertaken to determine whether this is caused by gender differences in the prevalence or severity of the disease.

METHODS: Admissions to hospital for asthma in 13,540 subjects were followed from 1977 to 1993.

RESULTS: At baseline 315 subjects (2.3%) reported asthma, 2.2% of women and 2.5% of men. During follow up 160 subjects were admitted to hospital for asthma. After controlling for self-reported asthma and smoking, women had a higher risk of being admitted to hospital than men (relative risk 1.7, 95% confidence interval 1.2 to 2.4). This increased risk was not due to misclassification of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) as asthma.

CONCLUSIONS: These findings indicate gender-related differences in either the severity, perception, or management of asthma

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