Occupational Asthma Reference

Arter ZL, Wiggins A, Hudspath C, Kisling A, Hostler DC, Hostler JM., Acute eosinophilic pneumonia following electronic cigarette use., Respir Med Case Rep., 2019;27:100825,10.1016/j.rmcr.2019.100825

Keywords: Acute eosinophilic pneumonia; Electronic cigarette use; Vaping, usa, case report

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Abstract

Electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use, or vaping, is gaining widespread popularity among adults aged 18-35. Vaping is commercially promoted as a safer alternative to traditional cigarette smoking. Previous studies have reported a close relationship between conventional cigarette smoking and acute eosinophilic pneumonia (AEP), but only one case report to date associates vaping with AEP in a male patient. We present the first case of AEP involving a young female after use of e-cigarettes. Clinicians should consider AEP when evaluating young patients with hypoxic respiratory failure and a recent history of e-cigarette use. This case highlights the need for more research into the relationship between e-cigarettes and AEP.

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