Occupational Asthma Reference

Lummus ZL, Alam R, Bernstein JA, Bernstein DI, Diisocyanate antigen-enhanced production of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1, IL-8, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha by peripheral mononuclear cells of workers with occupational asthma, J Allergy Clin Immunol, 1998;102:265-274,

Keywords: USA, production, IL8, occupational asthma, asthma, MCP-1, IL-4, IL-5, TNF-alpha, methods, antigen

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David Bernstein, Cincinatti David Bernstein

Zana Lummus, Cincinatti Zana Lummus

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BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown a significant association between confirmed diisocyanate-induced asthma (DOA) and in vitro production of diisocyanate antigen-stimulated histamine-releasing factors by PBMCs. Chemokines found in PBMC supernatants are known to express histamine-releasing factor activity.

OBJECTIVE: PBMCs of diisocyanate-exposed workers were tested in vitro for diisocyanate antigen-specific enhancement of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), monocyte chemoattractant protein-3 (MCP-3), macrophage inflammatory protein-1alpha, RANTES, IL-8, and T-cell cytokines that could play a regulatory role in chemokine synthesis (IL-4, IL-5, IFN-gamma, and TNF-alpha.

METHODS: Secretion of chemokines and cytokines was determined by quantitative immunochemical assays of PBMC supernatants. Synthesis of mRNA for beta-chemokines was determined by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction.

RESULTS: PBMCs of workers with DOA showed significantly enhanced secretion for MCP-1 compared with diisocyanate-exposed asymptomatic workers (P < .05). In vitro induction of antigen-stimulated MCP-1 mRNA synthesis in cultured PBMCs was demonstrated by reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction. Quantitation of cytokines in supernatants showed increased mean production of IL-8 and TNF-alpha. IFN-gamma, IL-4, and IL-5 were not enhanced in subjects with DOA.

CONCLUSION: Antigen stimulation of MCP-1 and TNF-alpha suggest that diisocyanate-specific cellular immune reactions result in activation of macrophages, which may be important in the pathogenesis of DOA

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