Occupational Asthma Reference

Park HS, Hwang SC, Nahm DH, Yim HE, Immunohistochemical characterization of the cellular infiltrate in airway mucosa of toluene diisocyanate (TDI)-induced asthma: comparison with allergic asthma, J Kor Med Sci, 1998;13:21-26,

Keywords: histology, Korea, TDI, oa, mechanism, challenge

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Hae-Sim Park, Korea Hae-Sim Park

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Toluene diisocyanate (TDI) is the most prevalent agent in occupational asthma (OA) in Korea. The immuno-pathologic mechanism for TDI-induced bronchoconstriction remains to be clarified. We studied the immunohistochemical finding of inflammatory cells in bronchial mucosa in subjects with TDI-induced asthma. Fiberoptic bronchial biopsy specimens were obtained from nine subjects with TDI-induced asthma. Six allergic asthma sensitive to house dust mite were enrolled as controls. Bronchial biopsy specimens were examined by immunohistology with a panel of monoclonal antibodies to mast cell tryptase (AA1), secretary form of eosinophil cationic protein (EG2), pan T-lymphocyte (CD3) and neutrophil elastase (NE). There was a significant increase in the number of AA1+, EG2+ and NE+ cells in TDI-induced asthma compared to those of allergic asthma (p=0.02, p=0.04, p=0.03, respectively). No significant differences were observed in the number of CD3+ cells (p=0.27). These findings support the view that neutrophil recruitment together with eosinophil and mast cell, may contribute to the bronchoconstriction induced by TDI

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