Occupational Asthma Reference

Saadiani E, Hosseinkhani Z, Safari-Variani A, Investigating the Effect of Welding Fume in Pulmonary Function of Welders in an Automobile Industry, Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 2023;27:166-171,https://DOI: 10.4103/ijoem.ijoem_194_21

Keywords: India, welding, FEV1, ep, cs

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Respiratory exposure to welding fumes directly or indirectly, in the long run, can lead to systematic effects among welders.

This study aimed to investigate respiratory symptoms and pulmonary function parameters among welders working in the automotive industry.

Material and Methods:
This cross-sectional study was performed among 2304 workers from two groups in the manufacturing and administrative staff (as exposure and control groups). Pulmonary function parameters and respiratory symptoms were collected through periodic spirometry examinations and a standard respiratory symptoms questionnaire. Exposure to welding fumes was obtained from the annual measurement data based on the NIOSH7300 method. Data were analyzed using SPSS software version 22 and linear and multiple regression statistical tests.

The mean age of the subjects in the case and control groups were 37.5 and 38.5 years, respectively. All the apparent symptoms of respiratory diseases (cough, sputum) in the welder’s group were more than in the control group. Also, there was a significant difference between the respiratory symptoms in the two groups (P < 0.001). The mean value of all spirometric parameters (FVC, FEV1, FEV1/FVC, FEF25-75, PEF) in the case group (welders) was significantly lower than the control group.

The results of this study revealed that the variables of age and work experience effectively reduce all spirometric parameters of welders. Also, regarding the effect of metal vapors, a significant relationship has been seen between Cu in welding fume and FEF25-75 and FEV1 spirometric parameters.

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