Occupational Asthma Reference

Chambers RC, McAnulty RJ, Shock A, Campa JS, Newman Taylor AJ, Laurent GJ, Cadmium selectively inhibits fibroblast procollagen production and proliferation, American Journal of Physiology, 1994;267:Pt 1):L300-8,

Keywords: cadmium, production, fume, emphysema, tobacco, cigarette, paper, key, rat, se, control

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Tony Newman Taylor, Royal Brompton Hospital, London Tony Newman Taylor

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Chronic inhalation of cadmium fumes has been associated with the development of emphysema, a disease characterized by extensive disruption of lung connective tissue. Cadmium is also an important contaminant of tobacco and may play a role in cigarette smoking-related emphysema. In this paper we investigated the effect of nontoxic doses of cadmium chloride (CdCl2) on fibroblast procollagen production and proliferation, key features of connective tissue repair following injury. CdCl2 inhibited fibroblast procollagen production in a dose-dependent manner in two different cell lines. For fetal rat fibroblasts, maximal effects were observed at 10 microM CdCl2, with values reduced by 82 +/- 6% (mean +/- SE, n = 6, P < 0.01) relative to control cells. In contrast, noncollagen protein synthesis by these cells was enhanced in the presence of CdCl2. In human fetal lung fibroblasts (HFL1), maximal inhibition of procollagen production (83 +/- 2%, P < 0.01) was observed at 40 microM CdCl2, whereas noncollagen protein synthesis was unaffected. In both cell lines the inhibition of procollagen production was shown to be due to decreased procollagen synthesis and an increase in the proportion of newly synthesized procollagen degraded. Cadmium also affected fibroblast proliferation in response to 2% serum, with values for fetal rat cells depressed by 17 +/- 4, 72 +/- 2, and 86 +/- 4% (all P < 0.01) compared with controls at 1, 5, and 10 microM CdCl2, respectively. These data show that cadmium selectively inhibits fibroblast procollagen production and also attenuates their mitogenic response to serum.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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