Occupational Asthma Reference

Mapp CE, Boniotti A, Graf PD, Chitano P, Fabbri LM, Nadel JA, Bronchial smooth muscle responses evoked by toluene diisocyanate are inhibited by ruthenium red and by indomethacin, Eur J Pharmacol, 1991;200:73-76,

Keywords: methods, isocyanate, mechanism, TDI

Known Authors

Leo Fabbri, University of Moderna and Reggio Emilia Leo Fabbri

Christina Mapp, Padova University Christina Mapp

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We have investigated the ability of ruthenium red, an inorganic dye with Ca2+ entry-blocking properties and a selective antagonist of capsaicin, and of indomethacin, a cyclooxygenase inhibitor, to inhibit bronchial smooth muscle responses evoked by toluene diisocyanate in guinea pigs. Previous exposure of isolated guinea pig bronchi to ruthenium red significantly decreased the response produced by toluene diisocyanate. Further, the response to toluene diisocyanate was significantly decreased by pretreatment with indomethacin. These findings provide evidence that toluene diisocyanate-induced contractions of guinea pig bronchi are produced indirectly by generation of a prostanoid that activates capsaicin-sensitive afferents via a ruthenium red-sensitive mechanism

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