Occupational Asthma Reference

Balboni A, Baricordi OR, Fabbri LM, Gandini E, Ciaccia A, Mapp CE, Association between toluene di-isocyanate-induced asthma and DQB1 markers: a possible role for aspartic acid at position 57, Eur Respir J, 1996;9:207-210,

Keywords: Italy, oa, TDI, HLA

Known Authors

Leo Fabbri, University of Moderna and Reggio Emilia Leo Fabbri

Christina Mapp, Padova University Christina Mapp

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Toluene diisocyanate (TDI) is the most common cause of occupational asthma in western countries. The aim of this study was to investigate whether genetic factors are involved in toluene diisocyanate-induced asthma. We studied the frequency of human leucocyte antigen (HLA) class II genetic markers in three groups of subjects: 1) subjects with TDI-induced asthma (n = 30); 2) exposed subjects with no history of TDI-induced asthma (n = 12); and 3) normal subjects not exposed to TDI (n = 126). Venous blood samples were collected from the three groups and the polymorphic second exon of DQA and DQB genes was amplified by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method. Evaluation of HLA class II gene products in TDI-induced asthma cases showed a positive association with HLA-DQB1 * 0503 and a negative association with HLA-DQB1 * 0501 alleles, which differed at residue 57 for a single amino acid, i.e. aspartic acid in DQB1 * 0503 and valine in DQB1 * 0501. No significant difference was found in the distribution of DQA1 alleles between asthmatics and controls. Our results confirm the hypothesis that HLA-DQB1 * 0503 has a role in conferring susceptibility to TDI-induced asthma and that residue 57 of HLA-DQB1 is a potentially critical location

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